Breed Specific Pet Foods

Canine nutrition is an important factor to consider when owning a dog. Without the proper nutrition dogs can become fat, thin, lethargic, develop dental diseases or other health problems.

Fortunately we live in a time where pet foods are the target of substantial research and development and with competition between companies heating up, new formulations and diets are being created all the time. Some companies are now offering carefully blended, breed-specific diets aimed at combating the most common problems of the breeds in question.

I’m going to run through a few of the breed specific formulas currently available and discuss what specific problems they address within that breed. When trying any new pet food, I’d recommend buying the smallest possible size first, especially with the more expensive, premium dog foods – this gives you a chance to see if your pet likes it! Just because it is good for them doesn’t mean they are going to want to eat it!

Labrador Retriever

Labradors are a rather popular breed of dog and if you own one or have ever seen one in passing on the street, you may have noticed that they can be a bit prone to weight gain. Labrador specific mixes contain ingredients which help to reduce weight gain. They also contain glucosamine – a well known nutrient which helps to strengthen joints. Overweight dogs will be putting excess pressure on their joints, so providing joint specific nutritional care helps to prevent excess wear and tear.

[highlight-green]Eukanuba Labrador Retriever Dry Mix 2.5 kg[/highlight-green]

Golden Retriever

Another popular breed, Golden Retrievers are well known for their glossy coats. Retreiver specific diets include high levels of omega fish oils that help to promote coat shine and skin health. Like labradors, retrievers may be subject to weight gain and so, retriever specific blends are low calorie and contain glucosamine to support joints. The Eukanuba retriever mix also contains dietary fibre to aid digestion and increase overall digestive health.

[highlight-green]Eukanuba Golden Retriever Dry Mix 2.5 kg[/highlight-green]

German Shepard

Unfortunately, German Shepards are prone to joint issues, such as hip dysplasia, in later life. Ensure they get the best possible support throughout their life by feeding them a glucosamine-rich diet. Glucosamine supports healthy cartilage production and can help prevent joint damage in later life. German Shepard specific diets may also include dietary fibres to increase digestive health as well as zinc, copper and omega fatty acids to promote a glossy coat and the amino acid carnitine to reduce fat mass, increases muscle mass, and reduce fatigue.

[highlight-green]Eukanuba German Shepherd Dry Mix 2.5 kg[/highlight-green]

West Highland Terrier

The sensitive skin of West Highland Terriers will benefit from nutritional support. Nutrients such as zinc and copper can promote healthy skin development and omega-3 is able to reduce dry skin and promote a glossy, healthy looking coat. Vitamin E is also added to their specific diet which helps the immune system keep your Westie healthy!

[highlight-green]Eukanuba West Highland White Terrier Dry Mix 2.5kg [/highlight-green]


Rottweilers can be powerful, stocky dogs which means they too can benefit from increased glucosamine intake in the diet. This reduces the damage caused to joints by stress. Rottweiler specific diets also include chondroitin, another joint support nutrient. When combined with glucosamine, the two nutrients have a more powerful, synergistic effect on maintaining joint health.

[highlight-green]Royal Canin Rottweiler 26 Dog Food Dry Bag 12kg [/highlight-green]

Cocker Spaniel

Maintaining a glossy coat and an active lifestyle requires two things, energy and a balanced diet. If Cocker Spaniels don’t expend all their seemingly endless energy, they can be quick to put on weight. Cocker Spaniel specific diets are low-calorie and high in omega-3 fatty acids. The amino acid carnitine also promotes muscle gain instead of fat gain.

[highlight-green]Eukanuba Cocker Spaniel Dry Mix 2.5 kg [/highlight-green]


Boxers are athletic, energetic and loyal; they benefit from added heart and immune support. Boxer-specific diets are high in taurine, an amino acid that helps to take care of their heart. Antioxidants and vitamin E help to support a healthy immune system.

[highlight-green]Eukanuba Boxer Dry Mix 2.5 kg [/highlight-green]

Jack Russell

Jack Russells are prone to the build up of plaque and tartar formation. As such their breed specific diets contain smaller pieces which are specially coated with ingredients that are able to reduce plaque build up. The coating acts as an ‘edible toothbrush’ that helps to erode plaque.

[highlight-green]Eukanuba Jack Russel Dry Mix 2kg [/highlight-green]


Bulldogs can sometimes struggle eating certain dry foods. Specialised diets contain pieces which are easier to chew, encouraging them to resume normally eating patterns. Bulldog diets are also highly digestible, this helps to reduce odour from flatulence.

[highlight-green]Royal Canin Bulldog 24 Dry Mix 3 kg [/highlight-green]


Chihuahuas are known for two things, their tiny size and their fussy nature! Chihuahua diets are specially formulated to be appealing to even the most fussy of pets and the pieces are perfectly sized for their small mouths. The smaller kibble pieces are also specially coated to help prevent tartar and plaque build up.

[highlight-green]Royal Canin Chihuahua 28 Dry Mix 1.5 kg [/highlight-green]


A Dachshund specific diet is specially formulated to support the short limbs that may suffer from the excess mechanical stresses put on them. The diet contains multiple vitamins and minerals to support the joints and limbs. These vitamins also act as antioxidants which can reduce the damage associated with ageing.

[highlight-green]Royal Canin Dachshund 28 Dry Mix 1.5 kg [/highlight-green]


Dalmatians are known for being prone to the development of urinary tract stones. Correct nutritional support can actually help to reduce the development of these stones by excluding certain proteins from the diet. The Dalmatian specific diet also includes coat intensifying omega oils to increase the vivid appearance of their tell-tale spots.

[highlight-green]Royal Canin Dalmation 22 Dry Mix 12 kg [/highlight-green]

Cavalier King Charles

The Cavalier King Charles diet is specifically formulated with omega oils, taurine, carnitine and antioxidants which support the heart. The kibble pieces are also specially designed to encourage your Cavalier King Charles to keep up a normal eating regime – some foods are too large, an odd shape or unusual textures, all of which can off-put your pet when it comes to eating.

[highlight-green]Royal Canin Cavalier King Charles 27 Dry Mix 1.5 kg [/highlight-green]

Great Dane

Great Danes are famed for their enormous size and with great size comes great energy requirements! Great Dane specific diets must be highly concentrated in terms of energy to maintain their correct weight. A powerful blend of antioxidants also helps to reduce the damaging effects of free radicals released with ageing.

[highlight-green]Royal Canin Great Dane 23 Dry Mix 3 kg [/highlight-green]


Malteses are subject to dental health problems like other small breeds, so their specific diets are formulated to reduce tartar build up. However, a key constituent of their specific diet is omega-fatty acids. These omega oils help to maintain their luxurious white, soft coats.

[highlight-green]Royal Canin Maltese 24 Adult Dog 1.5Kg [/highlight-green]

Miniature Schnauzer

The Miniature Schnauzer is particularly prone to developing urinary tract disorders such as uroliths. Their breed specific diet helps to maintain a healthy urinary system. To observe maximum effects from a Miniature Schnauzer diet, they should also be encourage to drink plenty of water as this helps to dilute urine.

[highlight-green]Royal Canin Minature Schnauzer 25 Dry Mix 3 kg [/highlight-green]


Borage oil helps reinforce the softness of the Poodle’s woolly coat, whilst Omega 3 fatty acids help to support the skin. The adapted protein content supports continuous, healthy hair growth. The antioxidants lutein, zeaxanthine and vitamins C and E are also included in the diet as they have been shown to promote healthy vision.

[highlight-green]Royal Canin Breed Nutrition Poodle 30 [/highlight-green]


The Pug is a perfect example of the “brachycephalic” jaw type. Dogs with this jaw type have a very short muzzle. The size, shape and texture of Pug diet kibble pieces are specially designed to make it easier for your Pug to pick up and encourage him to chew. Calcium chelators also help slow the formation of tartar for optimal oral hygiene.

[highlight-green]Royal Canin Pug 25 Dry Mix 1.5 kg [/highlight-green]

Shih Tzu

The Shih Tzu specific diet contains a patented complex that aids the skin’s natural barrier role – keeping bacteria and other foreign objects outside of the body. This helps to reduce the number of skin complaints. Borage oil and biotin help to promote the natural beauty of the Shih Tzu coat.

[highlight-green]Royal Canin Shih Tzu 24 Dry Mix 7.5 kg [/highlight-green]

Yorkshire Terrier

Like other small breeds, the Yorkshire Terrier is prone to dental issues, so Yorkshire Terrier specific diets are formulated to reduce plaque formation. The diet also consists of small kibble pieces for their small jaw and is perfect for those pets with fussy appetites. The combined action of borage oil and biotin in the diet reinforce the natural softness and sheen of the Yorkshire Terrier’s coat. The adapted protein content helps support hair growth.

[highlight-green]Royal Canin Yorkshire Terrier 28 Dry Mix 1.5kg [/highlight-green]

About James Watts

BSc Bioveterinary Science. Editor of PetSci. When I'm not writing, learning, discussing, or reading about animals, you know it's the weekend! Currently developing PetSci HealthTrak, the fast and easy way to monitor your pet's weight and calorie intake. HealthTrak offers a simple way to track your pet's progress, helping them achieve a healthy weight and a long, happy life.

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